Nineteen Democratic presidential candidates delivered rapid-fire sales pitches to Iowa party leaders on Sunday evening, touting their ability to energise voters, win the White House and deliver on longtime party goals such as universal healthcare.
At the biggest gathering so far of 2020 presidential candidates, the Democrats had five minutes each to sum up their case for the presidency.
Most agreed on the problems, including finding a solution to climate change, improving public education and easing pay and wealth inequality.
They all agreed on the solution: Defeating Republican President Donald Trump.
“Now is not the time to be polite. Now is not the time for small steps. Now it’s time to fight like hell,” US Senator Kirsten Gillibrand told the 1,400 Iowa state party leaders and activists who jammed a hotel ballroom for the state party’s Hall of Fame dinner.
The dinner in Iowa, the state that holds the first nominating contest in the Democratic presidential race in February, came one day after the Des Moines Register published a new Iowa opinion poll showing former US vice president Joe Biden leading the pack in the state.
US Senators Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren, along with South Bend, Indiana, Mayor Pete Buttigieg, were bunched closely in a fight for second place in the poll.
Sanders and Buttigieg took what seemed to be veiled swipes at Biden, the Democratic front-runner who skipped the dinner because of a scheduling conflict.
“I understand there are some well-intentioned Democrats and candidates who believe the best way forward is a middle-ground strategy that antagonises no one, that stands up to nobody and that changes nothing,” Sanders said.
“In my view, that approach is not just bad public policy, but it is a failed political strategy that I fear would end up with the re-election of Donald Trump.”
Buttigieg ridiculed the idea that Democrats could return to the 1990s. “We’re not going to win by playing it safe or promising a return to normal. We are where we are because normal broke,” he said.
Iowa party leaders said the dinner would be an opportunity for lesser-known candidates to make their case, and several of those Democrats warned the party against leaning too far to the left, reflecting the lingering tensions between the party’s progressive and more pragmatic, moderate wings.
Former Colorado Governor John Hickenlooper took aim at Sanders’ democratic socialist agenda and said it was bad politics that could be a stumbling block to defeating Trump in 2020.
“We must present a bold vision for the future, but we also must acknowledge that the most effective charge Republicans can level against us is ‘socialism’,” he said.
Former US Representative John Delaney said Democrats should be a “big-tent” party that appealed to progressives, moderates, independents and disaffected Republicans.
“If we become that party, we’re going to win every election. And more importantly, we’ll be able to govern,” he said.
The dinner tested the organisational strength of campaigns that purchased tickets for supporters and packed them into the hotel ballroom.
Supporters of most of the candidates lined the street outside the dinner’s main entrance starting early on Sunday.
Warren and fellow US Senators Cory Booker, Kamala Harris and Amy Klobuchar had big turnouts of chanting and cheering supporters in red, blue, pink, green and yellow T-shirts outside the hall, and then led them in raucous marches inside.
“It’s time for a woman in the White House!” chanted Harris and Klobuchar supporters.
Sanders led a march to the hall of McDonald’s workers and other union activists who support a $15-an-hour federal minimum wage. “No middle ground!” chanted the Sanders supporters